Yemen is located at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula, bordered by Saudi Arabia, Oman, the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. Due to a civil war that started in 2015, and a grave humanitarian crisis, Yemen has unfortunately been characterized as a failed state. It has ancient roots as a strategically located country at the crossroads of Africa, the Middle East and Asia.

Its climate is arid, with deserts, coastal plains and highlands dominating the territory. The war has resulted in a famine affecting millions of people. The lack of potable water, caused by depleted aquifers and the destruction of the country’s water infrastructure, has also caused an enormous cholera outbreak with close to one million cases.

Most Yemeni people are ethnically Arab or Afro-Arab, with Arabic being the standard language spoken. Islam is the country’s state religion.

Average Monthly Earnings

Employment-to-Population Ratio

Unemployment Rate

Employment by Sector

Agriculture 29.2%
Industry 14.5%
Services 56.2%

Employment Distribution by Education

Age 15+

Less than Basic 46.8%
Basic 22.9%
Intermediate 21.9%
Advanced 7.8%
Level Not Stated 0.5%

Age 15-24

Less than Basic 47.2%
Basic 31.3%
Intermediate 19.9%
Advanced 1.3%
Level Not Stated 0.3%

Age 15-64

Less than Basic 45.3%
Basic 23.6%
Intermediate 22.6%
Advanced 7.9%
Level Not Stated 0.5%

Age 25+

Less than Basic 46.7%
Basic 20.4%
Intermediate 22.6%
Advanced 9.7%
Level Not Stated 0.6%

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Did you Know? The ILO estimates that during the second quarter of 2020, 557 million workers worked from home, accounting for about 18% of the global workforce! Did you work from home in 2020? #InternationaLabourOrganization #ILO #RemoteWork #WorkFromHome #GlobalWorkforce

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