The United Kingdom is made up of Scotland, Wales, and England, with the larger entity known as Great Britain and Northern Ireland. They border the Republic of Ireland to the west and across the English Channel and the North Sea, they border countries such as France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, and Norway. After several centuries as a globally dominating colonial power, the UK’s economic and political influence were diminished by the two world wars and the breakup of the British Empire.

English is the country’s official language. Other native languages include Celtic, Scots Gaelic, Welsh, Cornish, Irish and Old Norse. Modern Britain is largely multicultural, with almost two-thirds of the population who profess not to believe in God, while 36 percent are members of the official Anglican church. Social classes still permeate the culture and continue to include tensions between the working class and a few aristocrats. It has a constitutional monarchy where the government is run by a prime minister but each of the four nations has its own judicial system. Recently, the UK announced its intention to exit the European Union, popularly known as ‘Brexit’.

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Average Monthly Earnings

Employment-to-Population Ratio

Unemployment Rate

Employment by Sector

Agriculture 1.1%
Industry 18.1%
Services 80.8%

Employment Distribution by Education

Age 15+

Less than Basic 0.3%
Basic 15.9%
Intermediate 40.4%
Advanced 43.3%
Level Not Stated 0.2%

Age 15-24

Less than Basic 0.1%
Basic 13.3%
Intermediate 60.9%
Advanced 25.4%
Level Not Stated 0.2%

Age 15-64

Less than Basic 0.3%
Basic 15.4%
Intermediate 40.5%
Advanced 43.6%
Level Not Stated 0.2%

Age 25+

Less than Basic 0.3%
Basic 16.2%
Intermediate 37.6%
Advanced 45.7%
Level Not Stated 0.2%

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