The largest of the Balkan countries, Romanian terrain has dramatic mountains and a coastline on the Black Sea. After World War II the country fell under Communist rule, eventually leading to Communist leader and dictator Nicolae Ceausescu’s iron fist reigning over the country until  his downfall on Christmas Day 1989.

The River Danube, Europe’s second-longest river, empties into Romania’s Danube Delta. The Carpathian Mountains, which cross Romania from the north to the southwest, include Moldoveanu Peak, at an altitude of 2,544 m (8,346 ft). Its climate is temperate and continental, with four distinct seasons. 

With a population of over 20 million people, the largest ethnicity is Hungarians, followed by Hungarians at 6.1% and the Roma, at 3.0% of the population. Their official language is Romanian and although formally a secular state, the majority of the population consider themselves Christians. Among famous Romanians is Romanian-born Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel, who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986.

Average Monthly Earnings

Employment-to-Population Ratio

Unemployment Rate

Employment by Sector

Agriculture 21.2%
Industry 30.1%
Services 48.7%

Employment Distribution by Education

Age 15+

Less than Basic 0.3%
Basic 18.0%
Intermediate 60.5%
Advanced 21.2%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 15-24

Less than Basic 0%
Basic 27.0%
Intermediate 64.5%
Advanced 7.9%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 15-64

Less than Basic 0.3%
Basic 16.6%
Intermediate 61.3%
Advanced 21.7%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 25+

Less than Basic 0.3%
Basic 17.4%
Intermediate 60.2%
Advanced 22.0%
Level Not Stated 0%

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