The Republic of Peru is a country in the western part of South America, bordered by the Pacific Ocean to its west. It has a diverse habitat with the Andes mountains to its north and south east to the tropical Amazon region to its east. Although Peru was conquered by the Spanish Empire in the 16th century, its ancient history boasts the Inca Empire, the largest state in pre-Columbian America, going all the way back to the 4th millennia BCE.

As an emerging market economy with a representative democratic republic governance, Peru has a high level of human development and is one of the region’s most prosperous economies. Its economic focus includes mining, manufacturing, agriculture and fishing. Peru has a population of approximately 32 million and Spanish is the primary spoken language, although a number of Peruvians also speak Quechua or other native tongues.

Peru is considered a megadiverse country and has over 20,000 species of plants and animals, including the puma, jaguar and spectacled bear.

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Average Monthly Earnings

Employment-to-Population Ratio

Unemployment Rate

Employment by Sector

Agriculture 27.5%
Industry 15.9%
Services 56.5%

Employment Distribution by Education

Age 15+

Less than Basic 17.8%
Basic 25.4%
Intermediate 37.6%
Advanced 19.1%
Level Not Stated 0.1%

Age 15-24

Less than Basic 2.5%
Basic 30.7%
Intermediate 56.6%
Advanced 10.1%
Level Not Stated 0.1%

Age 15-64

Less than Basic 13.9%
Basic 25.5%
Intermediate 40.3%
Advanced 20.2%
Level Not Stated .1%

Age 25+

Less than Basic 4.0%
Basic 31.2%
Intermediate 39.6%
Advanced 25.1%
Level Not Stated .1%

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