Nigeria has the largest population of all African countries. It also has one of the fastest developing economies in the world. The country has suffered government coups, a civil war, several constitutional changes, as well as military rule. Today, Nigeria has a federal republic system of government influenced by colonial English, traditional and Islamic laws. Nigeria relies largely on oil as an export, followed by agricultural and industrial raw materials and products.
Half the population of Nigeria is Muslim while the other half are Christian or Indigenous. The country’s official language is English, but other local languages such as Yoruba, Igbo, and Hausa are also used widely. Nigeria is a community-oriented country where extended family members are closely involved in an individual’s day-to-day activities. Age, seniority and social status are also very important as a way of signifying respect and honor.

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Average Monthly Earnings

Employment-to-Population Ratio

Unemployment Rate

Employment by Sector

Agriculture 36.1%
Industry 11.8%
Services 52.2%

Employment Distribution by Education

Age 15+

Less than Basic 59.5%
Basic 4.8%
Intermediate 22.3%
Advanced 12.7%
Level Not Stated 0.8%

Age 15-24

Less than Basic 40.5%
Basic 8.1%
Intermediate 40.0%
Advanced 10.4%
Level Not Stated 1.0%

Age 15-64

Less than Basic 57.3%
Basic 4.9%
Intermediate 23.6%
Advanced 13.3%
Level Not Stated 0.8%

Age 25+

Less than Basic 63.3%
Basic 4.1%
Intermediate 18.7%
Advanced 13.1%
Level Not Stated 0.7%

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