Namibia gained independence from South Africa in 1990, and is bordered also by Zambia and Angola. Its economy relies on mineral extraction and processing for export with mining accounting for 12.5% of its GDP. Namibia is among the largest global producers of uranium as well as zinc and smaller quantities of copper and gold.

With its capital in Windhoek, Namibia has a population of 2.4 million and is one of the least densely populated countries in the world. Primary languages include Oshivambo, Nama, Afrikaans, Otjiherero, Kavango, Caprivi, and English (official). Namibians are mostly Christians, with at least fifty percent practicing Lutheranism. Namibia’s focus on environmental conservation and protection of natural resources has resulted in its government’s emphasis on allocating funds towards resource management in a climate that is one of the driest in the world.

Average Monthly Earnings

Employment-to-Population Ratio

Unemployment Rate

Employment by Sector

Agriculture 22.6%
Industry 16.2%
Services 61.2%

Employment Distribution by Education

Age 15+

Less than Basic 10.8%
Basic 20.0%
Intermediate 54.2%
Advanced 12.5%
Level Not Stated 2.5%

Age 15-24

Less than Basic 14.3%
Basic 21.6%
Intermediate 60.5%
Advanced 3.2%
Level Not Stated 0.4%

Age 15-64

Less than Basic 9.3%
Basic 19.2%
Intermediate 56.5%
Advanced 13.0%
Level Not Stated 2.0%

Age 25+

Less than Basic 10.3%
Basic 19.8%
Intermediate 53.3%
Advanced 13.8%
Level Not Stated 2.8%

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