Mozambique is an African country along the continent’s southeastern coast. The country has experienced civil war since the country gained independence is 1975 and is still suffering from political conflict between the Frelimo party and the opposition party Renamo. Poverty remains a defining feature due to constant political tensions, violence and rampant corruption. Mozambique is a former Portuguese colony with a rich and diverse culture. It is known for its variety of fresh seafood dishes and its traditional music such as marimba bands. The country is made up of seven tribes and ethnicities which have different customs and traditions. Tribal music is considered an important aspect of Mozambique’s culture and is played at traditional ceremonies and religious occasions. The main language is Portuguese, but Swahili, Bantu, and Arabic are also widely used. Roman Catholicism is the main religion in Mozambique.

Employment-to-Population Ratio

Unemployment Rate

Employment by Sector

Agriculture 72.1%
Industry 7.7%
Services 20.1%

Employment Distribution by Education

Age 15+

Less than Basic 67.6%
Basic 25.1%
Intermediate 5.1%
Advanced 2.0%
Level Not Stated 0.3%

Age 15-24

Less than Basic 51.6%
Basic 41.6%
Intermediate 6.0%
Advanced 0.7%
Level Not Stated 0.2%

Age 15-64

Less than Basic 65.9%
Basic 26.4%
Intermediate 5.4%
Advanced 2.1%
Level Not Stated 0.3%

Age 25+

Less than Basic 73.3%
Basic 19.2%
Intermediate 4.8%
Advanced 2.4%
Level Not Stated 0.3%

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