Malawi, formerly Nyasaland, is a landlocked African nation with an estimated population of approximately 18 million primarily rural people with its capital in Lilongwe. After colonization by the British, it became an independent country in the 1960s. As one of the world’s least developed countries, Malawi’s economy is dependent on agriculture and the country’s government relies heavily on foreign aid to meet its development needs, especially in the areas of HIV/AIDS and maternal and infant mortality.

Malawi’s ethnic groups include Chewa, Lomwe, Yao, Ngoni, Tumbuka, Sena, Mang’anja, Tonga, Nyanja, and Nkhonde. The official language is English with Chichewa commonly spoken with Christianity and Islam being the major religions practiced.

Employment-to-Population Ratio

Unemployment Rate

Employment Distribution by Education

Age 15+

Less than Basic 11.9%
Basic 70.5%
Intermediate 15.9%
Advanced 1.7%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 15-24

Less than Basic 3.9%
Basic 84.1%
Intermediate 11.6%
Advanced 0.5%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 15-64

Less than Basic 10.5%
Basic 71.3%
Intermediate 16.4%
Advanced 1.8%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 25+

Less than Basic 14.5%
Basic 66.0%
Intermediate 17.4%
Advanced 2.1%
Level Not Stated 0%

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