Indonesia is a country composed of an archipelago in Southeast Asia that is home to over 300 ethnic groups. It is currently the largest economy in that region and is also the world’s fourth most populous. What makes the country stand out is its economic growth and ability to develop as a middle-income country by implementing a 20-year economic development plan. This has helped the country raise its GDP per capita from $857 in 2000 to $3847 in 2017. These economic plans directly target the poor who constitute about 10% of the population.

Indonesia’s GDP is comprised of sectors that include about 46 percent services, 40 percent industry, and 14 percent agriculture; the country produces rubber, palm oil, poultry, beef,  forest products, marine products, and other farm products. Indonesians are mostly Javanese, Sundanese, Malay and Batak. Bahasa is the official language, with English, Dutch and Javanese also spoken widely. Muslims make up to 87 percent of the population.

Average Monthly Earnings

Employment-to-Population Ratio

Unemployment Rate

Employment by Sector

Agriculture 28.5%
Industry 22.4%
Services 49.1%

Employment Distribution by Education

Age 15+

Less than Basic 15.5%
Basic 42.5%
Intermediate 29.6%
Advanced 12.4%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 15-24

Less than Basic 4.4%
Basic 36.5%
Intermediate 50.5%
Advanced 8.7%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 15-64

Less than Basic 13.4%
Basic 42.7%
Intermediate 30.9%
Advanced 13.0%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 25+

Less than Basic 17.4%
Basic 43.4%
Intermediate 26.1%
Advanced 13.0%
Level Not Stated 0%

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