Indonesia is a country composed of an archipelago in Southeast Asia that is home to over 300 ethnic groups. It is currently the largest economy in that region and is also the world’s fourth most populous. What makes the country stand out is its economic growth and ability to develop as a middle-income country by implementing a 20-year economic development plan. This has helped the country raise its GDP per capita from $857 in 2000 to $3847 in 2017. These economic plans directly target the poor who constitute about 10% of the population.

Indonesia’s GDP is comprised of sectors that include about 46 percent services, 40 percent industry, and 14 percent agriculture; the country produces rubber, palm oil, poultry, beef,  forest products, marine products, and other farm products. Indonesians are mostly Javanese, Sundanese, Malay and Batak. Bahasa is the official language, with English, Dutch and Javanese also spoken widely. Muslims make up to 87 percent of the population.

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Average Monthly Earnings

Employment-to-Population Ratio

Unemployment Rate

Employment by Sector

Agriculture 29.4%
Industry 21.1%
Services 49.6%

Employment Distribution by Education

Age 15+

Less than Basic 16.8%
Basic 43.5%
Intermediate 27.6%
Advanced 12.2%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 15-24

Less than Basic 5.2%
Basic 41.2%
Intermediate 45.5%
Advanced 8.1%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 15-64

Less than Basic 14.7%
Basic 43.8%
Intermediate 28.7%
Advanced 12.7%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 25+

Less than Basic 18.7%
Basic 43.8%
Intermediate 24.7%
Advanced 12.9%
Level Not Stated 0%

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