Indonesia is a country composed of an archipelago in Southeast Asia that is home to over 300 ethnic groups. It is currently the largest economy in that region and is also the world’s fourth most populous. What makes the country stand out is its economic growth and ability to develop as a middle-income country by implementing a 20-year economic development plan. This has helped the country raise its GDP per capita from $857 in 2000 to $3847 in 2017. These economic plans directly target the poor who constitute about 10% of the population.
Indonesia’s GDP is comprised of sectors that include about 46 percent services, 40 percent industry, and 14 percent agriculture; the country produces rubber, palm oil, poultry, beef, forest products, marine products, and other farm products. Indonesians are mostly Javanese, Sundanese, Malay and Batak. Bahasa is the official language, with English, Dutch and Javanese also spoken widely. Muslims make up to 87 percent of the population.