Bordering the Ivory Coast, Togo and the Atlantic Ocean, Ghana is a country in West Africa with a rich and diverse culture and history. The Kingdom of Ashanti was one of the most powerful to reign over the region before the arrival of the British in the late 19th century, with Ghana gaining independence in 1957.

With a population of 28 million people, Ghana has numerous ethnic, linguistic and religious groups. Ethnic groups include Asante, Ewe, Fante, Boron, Dagomba, Dangme, Dagarte, and Kokomba. The majority of Ghanaians practice Christianity alongside a substantial Muslim population.

The nation has a market-based economy with limited policy hurdles to investment and trade in contrast with other African nations in the region. Agriculture accounts for Ghana’s 20% GDP and is the industry which employs most of the nation’s workers. Oil, cocoa and gold comprise the majority of Ghana’s exports. However, Ghana is also a significant emerging market with a fast developing digital-based mixed economy.

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Average Monthly Earnings

Employment-to-Population Ratio

Unemployment Rate

Employment by Sector

Agriculture 38.3%
Industry 14.3%
Services 47.3%

Employment Distribution by Education

Age 15+

Less than Basic 46.3%
Basic 30.3%
Intermediate 14.9%
Advanced 8.6%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 15-24

Less than Basic 44.0%
Basic 24.3%
Intermediate 29.6%
Advanced 2.2%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 15-64

Less than Basic 44.6%
Basic 31.1%
Intermediate 15.4%
Advanced 8.9%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 25+

Less than Basic 46.6%
Basic 31.2%
Intermediate 12.5%
Advanced 9.7%
Level Not Stated 0%

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