A small country on the west coast of Africa, Equatorial Guinea is a former Spanish colony that is one of sub-Saharan Africa’s largest oil producers. Its capital is Malabo which is located on one of the five islands, including the mainland, making up its territory.
The discovery of oil in the mid-1990s caused a surge in government revenue but has, unfortunately, not translated into equitable wealth amongst its population. The majority of its people are Bantu and its largest ethnic group are the Fang. Spanish is an official language and indigenous languages include Fang and Bube.