Egypt is the most densely populated Arab nation and the third highest in Africa. Located in Northern African and bordering the Mediterranean Sea, Egypt’s rich ancient history, as well as its modern impact in the region have made it both a major tourist attraction as well as a regional flash-point. As the seat of one of the most ancient civilizations in the world, Egypt’s rich trove of art, literature and architecture have attracted visitors from near and far. However, recent political turmoil, starting in 2011, has slowed down economic progress and failed to increase employment particularly among youths. Egypt’s GDP was $235.37 billion in 2017 with an unemployment rate estimated at 11.9%.

The official language spoken in Egypt is Arabic although an elite class comprehends both English and French. Most of the population identifies as Muslim, with a substantial minority of Coptic Christians.

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Average Monthly Earnings

Employment-to-Population Ratio

Unemployment Rate

Employment by Sector

Agriculture 24.0%
Industry 25.8%
Services 50.3%

Employment Distribution by Education

Age 15+

Less than Basic 30.9%
Basic 14.2%
Intermediate 37.6%
Advanced 17.2%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 15-24

Less than Basic 24.4%
Basic 24.2%
Intermediate 40.6%
Advanced 10.9%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 15-64

Less than Basic 29.8%
Basic 14.4%
Intermediate 38.3%
Advanced 17.5%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 25+

Less than Basic 32.3%
Basic 12.1%
Intermediate 37.0%
Advanced 18.6%
Level Not Stated 0%

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