A former Soviet republic, Belarus used to also be known by its Russian names of Byelorussia or Belorussia. Its capital and most populous city is Minsk. Since a referendum in 1995, the country has had two official languages: Belarusian and Russian. Although it doesn’t have an official religion, the majority of its population considers themselves Eastern Orthodox Christian.

Belarus is a landlocked country whose natural resources include peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomite (limestone), marl, chalk, sand, gravel, and clay. About 70% of the radiation from neighboring Ukraine’s 1986 Chernobyl nuclear disaster entered Belarusian territory, and about a fifth of Belarusian land (principally farmland and forests in the southeastern regions) was affected by radiation fallout. 

Belarus has four UNESCO-designated World Heritage Sites: the Mir Castle Complex, the Nesvizh Castle, the Belovezhskaya Pushcha (shared with Poland), and the Struve Geodetic Arc (shared with nine other countries).

Average Monthly Earnings

Employment-to-Population Ratio

Unemployment Rate

Employment by Sector

Agriculture 11.3%
Industry 30.6%
Services 58.0%

Employment Distribution by Education

Age 15+

Less than Basic 0%
Basic 1.4%
Intermediate 44%
Advanced 54.6%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 15-24

Less than Basic 0%
Basic 1.5%
Intermediate 44.5%
Advanced 54.0%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 15-64

Less than Basic 0%
Basic 1.4%
Intermediate 44.2%
Advanced 54.5%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 25+

Less than Basic 0%
Basic 1.4%
Intermediate 44.0%
Advanced 54.7%
Level Not Stated 0%

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