Bangladesh is a South Asian country marked by its beautiful natural resources. The Meghna and Jamuna rivers provide fertile plains while the Sundarban mangrove forest on the eastern side is a critical part of its ecology and also, home to the Royal Bengal tiger. The country is ethnically homogeneous with Bengalis making up 98% of its population. Islam is the main religion, accounting for 87% of the population, with Hindus and Buddhists as significant minorities. Generally, the country is identified by the folk tradition of the Bengali culture.

In 2018, Bangladesh’s per-capita income was $4,561 (PPP) and $1,754 (nominal), making it one of the poorest countries in the world. Agriculture is the main economic activity, and the increase in irrigation networks have enhanced the production of rice, maize, and jute as the main cash crops. The manufacturing industry, specifically the ready-made garment industry, has grown by double digits, providing employment to many citizens. The country’s apparel exports in 2009 stood at 2.66 billion, overtaking neighboring India at 2.27 billion.

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Average Monthly Earnings

Employment-to-Population Ratio

Unemployment Rate

Employment by Sector

Agriculture 36.4%
Industry 21.6%
Services 42.0%

Employment Distribution by Education

Age 15+

Less than Basic 37.5%
Basic 36.7%
Intermediate 19.8%
Advanced 6.0%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 15-24

Less than Basic 15.7%
Basic 53.6%
Intermediate 28.8%
Advanced 1.9%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 15-64

Less than Basic 36.4%
Basic 37.4%
Intermediate 20.1%
Advanced 6.2%
Level Not Stated 0%

Age 25+

Less than Basic 41.7%
Basic 33.5%
Intermediate 18.1%
Advanced 6.8%
Level Not Stated 0%

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